The Role of Cholesterol in Activating a Key Cellular Signaling Pathway

Hedgehog signaling promotes embryonic development and, when aberrant, can lead to malignancies. The seven-transmembrane transducer Smoothened (SMO) occupies a key node in this pathway and is activated by cholesterol. Continue reading → The Role of Cholesterol in Activating a Key Cellular Signaling Pathway

MicroRNA Regulation of Inflammation and Immunity

MicroRNAs provide a crucial level of control for cell development and function through their post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Their importance is highlighted by their diverse functions in a range of cell types, including immune cells. Continue reading → MicroRNA Regulation of Inflammation and Immunity

Sensing and Regulating Cellular Energy Production

Cells must decide when to expand mitochondrial capacity to accommodate increased energy demands. Rutter, Winge, and colleagues have shown that the ancient mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis system has a profound and unexpected regulatory role in driving mitochondrial biogenesis. Continue reading → Sensing and Regulating Cellular Energy Production